“O Lord, I have heard Your speech and was afraid; O Lord, revive Your work in the midst of the years! In the midst of the years make it known; In wrath remember mercy.” Habakkuk 3:2 (NKJV)
I believe in revivals; I believe in the need for revivals; in the power found in revivals, the love, the passion, the deep search for truth, the hope and the ministerial effectiveness of revival. Even as I am aware that there are other revivals that have taken place in history, these are the revivals that I consider had regional, national and/or international influence. These are the revivals that changed hearts, change local churches, changes communities, cities, nation and the world.
1517: The Reformation. Led by the German Martin Luther. Through Martin Luther God reestablished the definition of JUSTIFICATION. It was a return to the true definition of the Gospel. We can say that, perhaps 300 hundred years after Christ, the doctrine of Justification was tragically corrupted. The overtaking of the Catholic Church deeply affected the spiritual health of Christianity. The reformation took us back to the primitive church’s doctrine of the Apostles; it explained how people receive salvation according to the bible and not according to some man-made idea. The central theological point of Martin Luther was that, we are saved by faith alone through grace. Martin Luther made it clear to the world that salvation is only available through Jesus Christ.
1730-1770: The First Great Awakening. This was a revival that affected the church. It defined the true meaning of what a Christian was. This revival swept through the American Colonies; however it was happening simultaneously in England, Germany and Scotland. “…the beginnings of the First Great Awakening—appeared among Presbyterians in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Led by the Tennent family—Reverend William Tennent, a Scots-Irish immigrant, and his four sons, all clergymen—the Presbyterians not only initiated religious revivals in those colonies during the 1730s but also established a seminary to train clergymen whose fervid, heartfelt preaching would bring sinners to experience evangelical conversion.”
1790-1840: The Second Great Awakening. This was an evangelistic explosion that brought millions of new converts. This was also an American revival, even as it also affected the world. The Methodist and the Baptist were used by God to lead this powerful revival.
It is important to point out how God made sure that JUSTIFICATION was well-defined before releasing this powerful evangelistic anointing. Also, historically speaking, we see that God had His hands on this great nation from the beginning. The First Awakening took place during the times of the Colonies and as we were formed as a new nation we started experience the Second Great Awakening. With less than 100 years as a nation; a nation that was established the 4 of July of 1776 we entered the Third Great Awakening.
1850-1900: The Third Great Awakening. With this revival the church actively embraced what is known as the Social Gospel. This is the church getting actively involved in social issues. A new movement rose during this time, the Holiness Movement; this movement established Christian Perfection. In other words, a life free from voluntary sin was possible as the person experience the second work of grace, SANCTIFICATION. The holiness movements established that with salvation we are free from the guilt of the original sin (Adam and Eve’s sin) with this second work of grace, sanctification, we now become perfect as any tendency or desire of sin is no longer a reality in the sanctified heart.
So now the body of Christ, not only understands salvation, but is also getting involved in social issues and is recognizing the central place of sanctification in the live of a believer. I believe that it is here where great divisions start taking place. The issue of Sanctification, from John Wesley’s point of view was the prevailing theology in the Body of Christ during this time. The division comes because other theologians, even as they understood the importance of sanctification, saw it as a process. This division is still a cause of division in the Body of Christ today.
With the Social Gospel we also have to be careful, as we must remember that even as we live in this world, we are not from this world. I get the feeling that the Body of Christ focus too much on what the world is saying and doing and forget that the judgment of the Lord will start with us.
1904-1905: The Welsh Revival. This revival was a massive and spectacular move of God. In this revival God used a young man by the name of Evan Roberts. This man created a habit of waking up at 1:00 AM and meet with God until 5:00 AM. This is a good example of a revival starting in one man’s heart and spreading through nations. This revival started in Welsh, it spread through the rest of Britain, Scandinavia, parts of Europe, North America, the mission fields of India and the Orient, Africa and Latin America. The Welsh Revival involved young people, involves music, a hunger for prayer, for God’s Spirit and at its heart the theology of this revival was very simple:
(1) Confess all known sin to God, receiving forgiveness through Jesus Christ.
(2) Remove anything from your life that you
are in doubt or feel unsure about.
(3) Be totally yielded and obedient to the
(4) Publicly confess the Lord Jesus Christ.
I believe that this simple formula that marked the center of Welsh’s theology, is as real and current today as it was then. Welsh gave us a passion for prayer, a passion for worship, a passion for holiness and a passion for souls.
1906-1909: The Azusa Street Revival. In this revival God used a black man by the name of William J. Seymour. Again, we see the hunger that is so characteristic in the lives of these men that God uses to bring these mighty moves. Seymour was known for his prayer life, from five hours a day dedicated to prayer he increased the time to seven hours a day. This was a man whose dependency in God was unparalleled. At Azusa, the meetings were truly led by the Holy Ghost. You did not know who was going to preach, who was going to sing; there was no order of service, no service structure and no man agenda. Seymour use to place his head in a shoebox and pray for God’s guidance in every service. At the peak of the revival they had three services a day, every day and, none of the services looked the same. This was the revival that brought Pentecostalism all over the world. This was a revival of God’s Spirit and the Baptism of the Holy Ghost. Here we see, theologically, that they embraced the First Work of Grace, Justification. They also embrace the Second Work of Grace, Sanctification, from John Wesley’s prospective and, they also introduced the Baptism of the Holy Spirit. The Baptism of he Holy Spirit was not necessarily introduced as a third work of grace, but as necessary empowerment for the believer to be fully equipped and ready for ministry. I am aware that people were baptized in the Holy Spirit prior to The Azusa Street Revival. We must recognize Charles Parham and his school in Topeka Kansas, where one of his students was baptize in the Holy Ghost within hours of the arrival of the twenties century. We must also acknowledge that Charles Parham also explained and introduced this experience as a Biblical Doctrine. However, history revealed to us that it was William J. Seymour who God used to bring this amazing experience back to the Christian experience. It is part of the spiritual treasures God has available for us. With this revival we saw an amazing displayed of God’s power.